Tamil Nadu is a land that has existed since prehistoric times. furthermore, it has a culture and language that has lasted just as long. The Indian culture and artwork of this region are considered to be some of the oldest in the world. The language "Tamil" has been documented as being around for at least 5000 years in written form, but was spoken long before that. English language is also widely spoken and understood in the most educated parts of the state. Although Tamil is the official language, but Telegu, Malayalam, Hindi and other Indian languages are also spoken throughout Tamil Nadu state.
Capital: - Chennai
Country: - India
Language: - English, TamilLocation
Climate of Tamil Nadu is tropical in nature with little variation in summer and winter temperatures, while April-June is the hottest summer period with the temperature rising up to the 40ºC mark, November-February is the coolest winter period with temperature hovering around 20ºC, making the climate quite pleasant. Amazingly, Tamil Nadu gets all its rains from the North-east Monsoons between October and December, when the rest of Tamil Nadu remains dry. The average annual rainfalls in Tamil Nadu range between 25 and 75 inches (635 and 1,905 mm) a year.
During summers season (April- June), the coastal regions of Tamilnadu become uncomfortably warm and humid but the cool sea breezes in the afternoon make nights cool and pleasant. Best season to visit Tamil Nadu is between Octobers to March, when the climate becomes pleasantly cool.
There are five internaltional airports in tamil nadu, they are Chennai, Coimbatore, Trichy, Madurai and Tuticorin.
Centralized at Chennai, the Southern Railways present network expands over a large area of India's Southern Peninsula, which covers the states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Pondicherry, a major portion of Karnataka and a small portion of Andhra Pradesh. Tamilnadu state has a complete railway track length of 6,693-kms and there are 690 railway stations in the state. Main rail junctions in the State are Chennai, Madurai, Tiruchirapalli, Salem, Coimbatore, etc.
In Chennai, the Central Railway Station is 5-km from the city centre and trains from nearly all cities of India halt here, moreover broad gauge train services connect the city with New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkatta (Calcutta), Cochin, Thiruvananthapuram, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Coimbatore, Lucknow, Guwahati and other important cities. The metre gauge train services is also there that caters to the south of Chennai, including Madurai, Rameshwaram, Tirunelveli and Tuticorin. However, the railhead for metre gauge services is situated at the Egmore station.
Length of road network in Tamil Nadu is nearly 1.70 lakh kms. Private bus operators link the important cities and government buses provide the entire south. The inter-state buses run by State Express Transport Corporation connects Chennai with Karnataka, Kerala, and Andhra Pradesh.