Sikkin has immense natural beauty and this beautiful hill state of Sikkim lies on the eatern tip of the Himalayas bordered by Bhutan, Nepal an Tibet. Sikkim tourism is famous for Kanch-Endzonga, at 598 mtrs that is third highest mountain in the world. It is a second smallest state in India and covers 7,096 sq kms area. It covers the upper valley of Teesta river, a tributary of the Brahmaputra. The watershed form the borders with Tibet and Nepal. Moreover, Rangit and Rangpo rivers form the border with West Bengal. Sikkim state is separated from Nepal in the west by the Singalila range while Donngkya range is the border to the north & north-east.
Sikkim tourism, with its rich biodiversity, has 150 lakes ranging in altitude from 200 meters to almost 8000 meters. Besides birds in Sikkim has 4000 species of flowering plants, which makes it a botanist's paradise. The state is having 600 species of orchids, and 40 species of rhododendrons. With the introduction of eco-tourism that includes serious birding, Sikkim has begun to focus on enterprise-based conservation.
This state is broadly divided into four districts, the east district with capital city of Gangtok is the hub of all administrative activity. The famous Rumtek Monastery, the Dharma Chakra Centre and the seat of his Holliness Gyalwa Karmapa, all are located here. Moreover, the other places of interest include the Tsomgo Lake and the Nathula Pass. West district of this India state offers the ultimate in adventure. From white water rafting on the foaming Teesta and Rangit, to trekking through thick Rhododendron forests- the district offers it all. If you want to get experience a breathtaking view of Mt Kanch-Endzonga can be had from Pelling that has developed as a major tourist attraction. Sacred lake of Khechiperi also lies close to Pelling. However, Osuth District is home to some of the oldest monasteries in the state. Adventure treks to Maenam and Tengdong Hill originate from Rawangla.
Capital: - Gangtok
Country: - India
Hindi, English, Rai, Gurung, Mangar, Sherpa, Tamang and Sunwar
Sikkim is situated in the eastern Himalayas from longitude 880 03'40" to 880 57'19" East and from latitude 27 003'47" to 28 0 07'34" North, became the 22nd state of India on April 26,1975. Sikkim has a total area of 7,096 km2, 114 km from north to south and 64 km from east to west.
Best season to visit Sikkim: March to June and September to December. Maximum summer temperature is 28 ° C and minimum winter temperature is 0 ° C. Average Rainfall is 325 cm. RF / Year.
Sikkim state does not have any airports or railheads because of its rough terrain, moreover, the first airport of the state is expected to be ready by 2011 in Pakyong, 30 km (19 mi) away from Gangtok.
The closest railway stations are Siliguri and New Jalpaiguri.
Sikkim National Highway 31A and National Highway 31 together link Siliguri to Gangtok. Sikkim National Transport runs bus and truck services. Privately run bus, tourist taxi and jeep services provide throughout Sikkim and also connect it to Siliguri. A branch of the highway from Melli connects western Sikkim and Towns in southern and western Sikkim are connected to the northern West Bengal hill stations of Kalimpong and Darjeeling. State is connected to China by Nathu La.